On the occasion of the World Bank Annual Meetings, German Development Minister Gerd Müller stated: “Global climate action, support for crisis regions and action to tackle hunger and poverty, especially in Africa – when it comes to addressing challenges to the survival of humankind, the World Bank is our key partner.
In sub-Saharan Africa in particular, we are faced with great challenges. According to World Bank data, nearly 90 percent of all people in extreme poverty will be living in sub-Saharan Africa by 2030. Climate change will further exacerbate the situation. The World Bank expects that 100 million people will slide into extreme poverty by 2030 because climate change has destroyed their livelihoods. Thus, together with the World Bank, we focus on climate action and on activities in Africa. We are jointly working on an ambitious IDA replenishment for next year. And we launched the PROGREEN initiative, which supports investment in forest conservation in the world's three major tropical forest regions – the Amazon region, Central Africa, and Indonesia.”
German Development Minister Gerd Müller and new World Bank President David Malpass had agreed to increase the focus on Africa and to work together more closely on climate action and on addressing hunger and poverty. Since the Spring Meetings, Minister Müller and President Malpass had met several times, for instance during the United Nations Climate Summit in New York and then one week later in Berlin. During their meeting in New York, they signed an agreement to launch the PROGREEN fund. Germany initiated this international forest protection programme and is providing 200 million Euro.
The World Bank's latest figures also show that, on a global scale, extreme poverty is decreasing. The number of poor people worldwide fell from 1.89 billion in 1990 to 736 million in 2015. However, ten percent of the global population still have to live on less than 1.90 dollars a day.
In Africa in particular, progress on poverty reduction has been slow. Sub-Saharan Africa is already home to more than half of all people in absolute poverty worldwide. By 2030, that share will be 85 percent. In particular, the high rate of population growth is presenting huge challenges for Africa. Its population is expected to double by 2050, reaching 2 billion.
BMZ State Secretary Martin Jäger will take part in this year's World Bank Annual Meetings. The Meetings will not only focus on climate action but also on World Bank activities in crisis regions such as the Sahel, and on talks about the upcoming IDA replenishment.